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Kenya Government Disability Services

Government policies, procedures and practices regarding disability services, benefits and grants.

National Safety Net Programme - Cash Transfer for Persons with Severe Disabilities (PWSD-CT) http://www.socialprotection.or.ke/national-safety-net-program/cash-transfer-for-persons-with-severe-disabilities-pwsd-ct

The programme seeks to enhance the capacities of care givers through cash transfers and as such, improve the livelihoods of persons with severe disabilities as well as reduce negative impact of disability on households. It targets adults and children with severe disabilities, who require full time support of a caregiver.

Objectives

  • To strengthen the capacities of parents and children with disabilities,
  • Improve the livelihoods of parents and children with disabilities,
  • Alleviate integrated poverty among parents and children with disabilities.

Coverage

PWSD is a national programme that covers beneficiaries in all the counties. Currently(2015/16 FY) the programme covers 45,505 households.

Amount paid

KES 2,000 per household per month delivered every two months through appointed payment agents - currently the Kenya Commercial Bank and Equity Bank.

Eligibility

Households with a person with severe disability and who needs:

  • Permanent care including feeding, toiletry, protection from danger from themselves and from other persons and the environment and thus, require intensive support on a daily basis.
  • Must be poor
  • Beneficiary/household must not be enrolled in any other Cash Transfer programme
  • A member of the household must not be receiving any pension and/or regular income

To see if you are eligible for this programme, contact the Beneficiary Welfare Committees at the local level (where these committees exist), the Chiefs or Assistant Chiefs, the County Social Development Officer, the District/Sub County Social Development Officer, the nearest County Children Officer, or the District/Sub County Children Officer.

Relevant policies

  • The Constitution of The Constitution of Kenya, 2010
  • The Kenya Vision 2030 – Second Medium Term Plan 2013-2017
  • Basic Education Act, 2013
  • The Teachers Service Commission Act, 2012
  • The Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development Act, 2013
  • The Kenya National Examinations Council Act, 2012
  • The Children Act, 2001
  • Persons with Disability Act, 2003
  • National Children Policy Kenya, 2010
  • Special Needs Education Policy, 2009
  • Sessional Paper no. 14 - The proposed policy frame work on Education and training in Kenya, 2012

National Council for Persons with Disabilities (http://ncpwd.go.ke/)

The Kenyan government’s disability services, benefits, and grants are provided through the National Council for Persons with Disabilities (NCPWD). To take advantage of any of these, individuals must first register with the NCPWD and receive their identification card. To register, a person must go with a passport photo (or 200 shillings) to one of the hospitals listed below. When you get there, a team of medical professionals will fill out a form with you: (Individual_Registration_Form). From there, the NCPWD will be in touch about the status of your application. You can ask your local hospital about free assessment days. On other days, the assessment will cost around 500 shillings.

In addition, the Ministry of Education provides a “top up” for the education of students with some disabilities. Contact the head teacher of your child’s school to see if they are eligible, and follow up with the school’s Board of Management and Parent Teacher Association to hold the school accountable for spending the extra money appropriately.

The following are the services provided through the NCPWD.

Assistive devices

The National Development Fund for Persons with Disabilities (NDFPWD) supports the provision of Assistive Devices and Services to Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) in Kenya to enable these individuals to function in society.  The Fund gives priority to those individuals requiring assistance to function in a learning, training or work environment.

Assistive devices and services are any product or service designed to enable greater independence for PWDs. Common examples of such devices are wheelchairs, crutches, hearing aids, callipers, surgical boots and prosthetic arms or legs. A common example of an Assistive Service is Sign Language translation.

There are some limitations in the devices that can be applied for.  Expensive items, such as motorcars and business equipment like sewing machines or laptops are not included. Many assistive devices, particularly computer software such as JAWS, can be expensive and it is very unlikely the Fund will support such items for individual use. In such cases, we would request that the individual asks their work place or education institution to contact the Fund Programme Office directly and make a larger application for equipment that can then be shared and accessed by multiple students or staff members with disabilities now and in the future. For assistive services, the funding given is normally to train individuals working in an institution like a school or hospital in sign language, so that this can be used to assist clients.

The requirement for the Assistive Device and Services include:

  • Duly filled form for Assistive Devices Form
  • Full photo of the beneficiary/ assessment report
  • Pro-forma invoice (where the device is not produced by APDK or Jaipur foot project)
  • Letter or recommendation from the Area Chief/ Assistant Chief or District Social Development Officer (DSDOs)

If you need a wheelchair, you can first contact the NCPWD’s partner, APDK.

Economic empowerment

The Fund provides grants to Community and Self Help Groups for Economic Empowerment or Revolving Fund Schemes. These grants aim to help Persons with Disabilities gain self-sufficiency in generating income and to enable them to gain the skills and experience to access the loans required to grow their business. The groups must be of and for persons with disabilities. This can include the carers of Persons with Disabilities. The group must be at least one year old to be eligible. Groups need to be legally registered to operate within the Republic of Kenya and also registered with the National Council for Persons with Disabilities in order to apply.

The programme has a two-prong approach;

  • Funding for group to jointly undertake common project for the membership. This could include, for example, agriculture, rearing livestock, bead making, shop keeping etc.
  • Revolving fund for on-lending to group members to engage in businesses at individual level.

Revolving fund schemes are schemes where established groups of persons with disabilities provide loans to their members. Groups can apply to the Fund for a grant to start off this scheme. The group can then give loans to group members to run self managed small businesses. It is expected that group members will repay the loan to the group. Any profits should add to savings, be re-invested, or contribute to welfare of persons with disabilities and their families. For example, by offering loans to new members or using profit to buy medicines. Please note that the grant provided by the Fund does not need to be repaid.

  • Economic empowerment grants are for established groups of persons with disabilities to start up business activities.

Any application for income generating activities will need to show clear understanding of demand in the local market, in other words, that the products will sell, and that this will make a profit. They should also show what benefits the business will bring to Persons with Disabilities in the community.

The Fund does not currently give grants or loans to individual persons with disabilities. The Fund will not pay for the purchase or rent of business premises, nor for running costs such as fuel or electricity.

Applicants are advised to apply 3-6 months in advance of when they hope to start the project, to allow time for processing.

Many of the funded groups have established successful revolving schemes supporting members to engage in businesses. For example "Amani Physically Handicapped Group" in Nyakach is running a very successful scheme providing members with small business loans.

The requirement for the Economic Empowerment grants include;

  • Registration with NCPWD
  • Dully filled Economic Empowerment form.
  • Signed copy of minutes of past meeting, contacts and national ID of members.
  • Certificate of registration.
  • Certified Bank statement of the group.
  • Constitution of the group.
  • Proposal with the Budget for the project.

Education assistance

This programme aims to improve persons with disabilities enrolment, retention and completion of education cycle for the eventual engagement in decent and gainful employment. NDFPWD provides support to persons with disabilities from Primary, Secondary, Colleges, Vocational Training Schools and University.

Education grants aim to empower people with disabilities by enhancing opportunities for them in education, training and rehabilitation institutions.  Individuals or their guardians can apply for financial support with fees for secondary, tertiary education, vocational training, vocational rehabilitation centres, universities and special educational establishments. PhD’s are not funded. The amount funded is for tuition fees and may include boarding.

The Fund covers up to 75% of course fees, the applicant is expected to cover 25%. If a person is in formal employment they are required to cover 50% of fees and the Fund covers up to 50%. In exceptional circumstances the Fund may pay 100% of fees but the applicant will be asked to provide additional evidence of extreme poverty.

If a course lasts more than one year the fund will pay only for the first year initially. The Beneficiary (the student) will be expected to fill in a report to the Fund each quarter. If this reporting is completed and shows that the student is attending the course and making satisfactory progress, then the Fund will aim to support the applicant for the following years also. The Beneficiary (the student) should contact and apply to the Fund in the third quarter of each academic year if they wish to receive funding again the following year. Please note that funding for education assistance is paid to the educational institution directly, not to the Beneficiary.

The requirements for the Education Assistance programme include;

  • Dully filled Education form
  • Copy of National ID (if under 18 years the guardian's)
  • Copy of admission letter
  • Copy of admission letter
  • Copy of fees structure
  • Certificate of previous course completed.
  • A letter of recommendation from the educational institution
  • Recommendation by the DSDOs
  • Proof of registration with NCPWD

Infrastructure and Equipment Grants

Infrastructure and equipment grants aim to enable the maintenance and growth of organizations which provide education or social services for persons with disabilities.  Eligible organizations are education institutions, including special schools and special units, and social service delivery organizations, including non-government organizations and social care institutions.

Examples of infrastructure projects are day care centres that have won support to improve toilets to make them accessible for persons with disabilities, or schools that expand units focused on children with disabilities. There are many other types of projects which could get funding. Examples of equipment grants include schools equipping classrooms with chairs and desks that are accessible for children with disabilities or universities equipping ICT facilities for students with visual impairments.

The Fund does not give grants to buy or rent premises. It cannot pay for recurring costs such as staff costs, fuel, water or electricity bills. The Fund does not give money to set up new institutions, only to further improve existing ones. The grants are only for institutions with services specifically for persons with disabilities. Organisations which provide services for the general public, including persons with disabilities, are not eligible and are encouraged to find funds from their own budgets to ensure they mainstream disability in their organisations.

Notably funds have supported,

  • Assessment equipment for Educations Assessment Resource Centres across the country;
  • St. Angela Mumias School for the Deaf- a classroom for Deaf blind students
  • Mosoriot Teachers College - Braille embosser for production learning materials for visually impaired students,
  • Joytown Secondary for Physically Handicapped, Kisumu to construct a dormitory
  • St. Monica School for Mentally Handicapped, Embu to construct a dormitory and a classroom
  • Kenyatta University to equip the computer lab for visually impaired students
  • Bondo University college to establish a special needs educations unit among others

The requirements for the infrastructure programme include;

  • Dully filled infrastructure and Equipments form
  • Bill of quantities from Public Works Department
  • Certificate of Registration
  • List of Members of Management and Board of Directors with their National ID and contacts
  • Letter of recommendation by the DSDOs proposal with the budget for the project
  • Original invoices in case of equipment
  • Land ownership document
  • Signed copy of minutes of past meeting approving the project "Group Constitution"

Cash Transfer

In the context of this programme, persons with severe disabilities refers to those who need permanent care including feeding, toiletry, protection from danger by other persons, Full time support has to be offered by a caregiver to ensure their needs are attended to. These intensive support for persons with severe disabilities on a daily basis, denies their parents and guardians or caregivers any time to engage in other income generating activities, which worsens the economic situation of such households.

It is with this in mind that the cash transfer programme targeting persons with severe disabilities was introduced, and is referred to as Persons with Severe Disabilities Cash Transfer (PWSD-CT).

The overall objective of the programme is to enhance the capacities of the caregivers through cash transfers thereby improving the livelihoods of persons with severe disabilities. Specific objectives of the programme are:

  • To contribute to poverty reduction in households containing at least one member with a severe disability through the provision of a regular cash transfer.
  • To improve the lives of Persons with Severe Disabilities.
  • To empower caregivers in order to improve the lives and livelihoods of persons with severe disabilities within their households.

The programme was piloted in 2010 with 10 households per constituency and later up scaled to 70 households per constituency in 2012. Currently, the programme is targeting to provide Cash Transfers to 47,200 households and its being implemented by the Department of Social Security and Services in collaboration with the National Council for Persons with Disabilities (NCPWD).

Monitoring reports of the programme have revealed that amount received, albeit minimal, are enabling the households to access improved nutrition, healthcare, housing and education.

The awareness raised on the programme has made persons with severe disabilities who had been ‘hidden’ and neglected to be brought out and appreciated within households and communities.

The Eligibility criteria for the Cash Transfer programme include;

  • Households that are categorized as extremely poor and vulnerable and has a member with severe disability.
  • Household is not enrolled in any other cash transfer programme.
  • Registration with NCPWD.
  • Proof of the requirements in the ranking criteria.
  • Copy of National ID or that of the guardian if the person is under 18 years.

Albinism Sunscreen and Support Program

The Council has been implementing the National Persons with Albinism Sunscreen Support Programme that is providing sunscreen lotions to over 3,026 persons with albinism. The programme is designed to carry out awareness and offer lip care and after sun lotion and other services for all persons with albinism in the country.

Provision of Lip Care, After Sun and Sunscreen Lotions

The programme is designed to cushion persons with albinism from the effects of harmful sunrays which causes skin cancer. This programme is currently providing sunscreen lotions to over 3,026 persons with albinism.

In order to achieve this, we have distributed sunscreen lotions to selected government hospitals across the country. These hospitals have been dispensing these lotions. The council engaged in consultations with stakeholders in order to procure the best lotions for PWA, currently, we are providing Nivea lotions where we are providing one bottle of sunscreen lotion every month to all PWA who are registered with us.

We have opened offices in each County where our officers have taken the initiative of registration for the new clients and help them in identifying hospitals that will be used as distribution centers. A total of 180 hospitals and Health Centres have been identified as distribution centers.

We endeavor to distribute the lotions in lower level hospitals hence making the product accessible to rural clients. Initially it was only up to level four hospitals that were being used. The council takes into cognizance that there are occasions that PWA are exposed too much in the sun hence they require to cool the burning effect of the sun by applying after sun lotion. Thus the council has procured 18,000 bottles of after sun lotions. Each registered client is entitled to one bottle of after sun lotion to be used over two months. Alongside the sunscreen lotions, the council has procured Lip Balm for the PWAs. All the clients are entitled to a piece per month. The Council wanted to monitor the uptake of these products namely Lip Care, After Sun and Sunscreen lotions on sampled clients with albinism.

Provision of Protective Clothing (Caps and Long sleeved T-Shirts)

One of the recommendations of the experts on matters of prevention of skin cancer, apart from application of sunscreen lotion, is the provision of protective clothing and avoidance of prolonged exposure to the sun. Therefore, the council has procured long sleeved T-Shirts and Wide Brim Hats.

Provision of comprehensive Eye Care

The Council has set aside funds to provide comprehensive eye care for all PWAs in our record. A service provider was to be identified in order to support the Council in providing comprehensive eye care for Persons with Albinism in the entire country.

The selected firm/Hospital was to work closely and in collaboration with the National Council for Persons with Disabilities Program officer in charge of Rehabilitation and Habilitation.

A hospital Situated in Nairobi Westlands along Waiyaki Way at Pacis Centre called EYE & U was identified after advertisement and evaluation. The Council is paying for full check-up including cost for the eye glasses.

Cancer intervention

Over the last two years, the council has been supporting clients who succumb to skin cancer by paying for the medical bills. Before clients go to the pharmacist to collect lotions they are usually examined by the clinician first in order to help identify any signs of skin cancer.

The requirements for the Albinism Sunscreen and Support programme includes;

  • Registration with NCPWD
  • Proof of the requirements in the ranking criteria
  • Full photograph
  • Copy of National ID or that of the guardian if the person is under 18 years.

Job Placement

PWD can register with the Job Placement Portal (http://placement.ncpwd.go.ke/public/) to access vacant job opportunities with the NCPWD’s partners.

Legal Advisory Services

Brief of Legal Department

The Legal Service Department is an in-house service providing unit of the Council. It provides professional legal services to Persons with Disabilities, relevant Government Ministries and Departments, Stakeholders and the General Public and for connected purposes with the aim to enable the Council deliver on its statutory mandate while ensuring compliance to all legislative requirements of the Council and in doing so manages and limits the legal risks of the Council.

The Legal Department serves a number of   persons with disabilities and the general public on a walk-in-walk-out basis to protect and promote the interests of Persons with Disabilities. This is in line with the Constitution 2010, Disability Act No.14 of 2003, UN CRPD and other Local, National and International Instruments. The department provides arbitration advices to persons with disabilities whenever need be.

Core functions

Implement and monitor the application of and compliance with the Constitution of Kenya 2010, United Nations Convention on the Rights for Persons with Disabilities, Persons with Disabilities Act No. 14 of 2003, Policies on Disabilities and other national, regional and international treaties for the benefit of Persons with Disabilities.

Provide effective and efficient Legal Advisory Services to the Council in order to enable it to deliver on its mandate within the relevant Legal Framework.

Conduct and or Commission such Legal Research as may be necessary to ensure Rights and Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities and achieve equalization of opportunities for Persons with Disabilities in line with the legislative framework.